Anonimo

SPHAERA / ASTRONOMICA / aeri exarata, sicut / eam olim exhibuit Cas/par Vopelius Cosmogr. 

quasi copia di 

Caspar Vopel, Caspar. VO / PEL. MEDEBACH / HANC. COSMOGRA: / sphęram faciebat. / Coloniae. UN. 1536

 

 

 

Anonimo

SPHAERA / ASTRONOMICA / aeri exarata, sicut / eam olim exhibuit Cas/par Vopelius Cosmogr.

 

 

quasi copia di 

 

Caspar Vopel

 

 Caspar. VO / PEL. MEDEBACH / HANC. COSMOGRA: / sphęram faciebat. / Coloniae. UN. 1536

 

 

La stampa da incisione su rame che presento č stata venduta all’asta da Sotheby a Londra nel 2008, Catalogue Natural History, Travel, Atlases and Maps ( Sale L08401), London , 8 May 2008.

E’ opera di un autore ancora anonimo e rappresenta un cielo quasi identico a quello presentatoci da Caspar Vopel in un suo globo stampato a Colonia nel 1536.

I rapporti che legano le due opere ed i loro autori sono ancora tutti da ricostruire. 

Elly Dekker le mette a confronto in un suo fondamentale articolo, che descrive la produzione di Vopel, pubblicato nel 2010 sul numero 2 del volume 62 di Imago Mundi: Elly Dekker, Caspar Vopel's Ventures in Sixteenth-Century Celestial Cartography

http://www.atlascoelestis.com/Vopel%202010%20base.htm

 

L’incisione, cm 92 x 44 circa, sviluppa in 12 spicchi il cielo riproducibile in un globo di 29 cm di diametro, le stesse dimensioni del globo del 1536.

Nel suo articolo Dekker indica il globo di Vopel con la sigla G1 e con G2 l’incisione di anonimo. Di seguito trascrivo le caratteristiche di entrambi come sono riportate nell’articolo succitato:

 

 

G1. CELESTIAL GLOBE

Woodcut, Ų sphere 29 cm , 1536. Cologne , Kölnisches Stadtmuseum.

Above Auriga [lon 75°, lat 60°] is an inscription in a cartouche with the coat of arms of Cologne on top and two lions at the sides: CASPAR. VO/PEL. MEDEBACH / HANC. COSMOGRA: / faciebat sphęram. / Colonię. A°. 1536South of the tail of Cetus [lon 345°, lat−60°] is an empty cartouche consisting of a rectangular field with decorations around it.

 

Cartography

Language: Latin. Coordinates: circles of latitude every 30° (gore edges). The ecliptic is graduated [twelve times 0°–30°; numbered every 10°, division 1°]. The boundaries of the zodiac are indicated by two parallels north and south to the ecliptic. The symbols of the zodiacal signs are marked north of the zodiacal constellations. The equator is graduated [0°–360°, numbered every 10°, division 1°] and labelled: AEQVATOR. The tropics are drawn and labelled: TROPICVS CANCRI and TROPICVS CAPRI :. The polar circles are drawn, but not labelled. The colures are incompletely drawn and not labelled.

 

Astronomical notes

All 48 Ptolemaic constellations are drawn and labelled: 

VRSA MINOR

VRSA MAIOR

DRACO

CEPHEVS

BOOTES

CORONA

HERCVLES

LYRA

CYGNVS

CASSIEPEIA

PERSEVS

ERICHTHONIVS

SERPENTARIVS

SERPENS

TELVM

AQVILA

DELPHINVS

EQVICVLVS

PEGASVS

ANDROMEDA

DELTOTON

ARIES

TAVRVS

GEMINI

CANCER

LEO

VIRGO

LIBRA

SCORPIVS

SAGITTARIVS

CAPRICORNVS

AQVARIVS

PISCES

CETVS

ORION

ERIDANVS

LEPVS

CANIS MAIOR

PROCYON

ARGO NAVIS

HYDRA

CRATER

CORVVS

CENTAVRVS

FERA

ARA

CORONA AVSTR

NOTIVS PISOIS [sic]

 

In addition there are labels for a number of star groups: 

PLAVSTRVM (UMa) 

C.MEDVS(AE) (Per) 

Hędi (Aur) 

Vergilię (Tau) 

Succulę(Tau) 

Pręsepe (Cnc) 

Asini (Cnc) 

Vrna (Aqr) 

NODVS (Psc)

and for the Milky Way: GALAXIAS.

Also the groups of unformed stars belonging to  Aquila  and Leo are labelled respectively ANTINOVS and BERENICES CRINIS.

The stars are presented by six different marks to indicate their brightness or magnitude. There is a table in front of Ursa Maior, labelled Stella(rum) magnitudines, with magnitudes from 1 to 6. The stars are numbered, following the order of their description in the Ptolemaic star catalogue. Two extra, non-Ptolemaic stars, in Taurus, numbered 34 and 35, seem to belong to the Pleiades. There are planetary symbols for astrological associations and many stars are labelled: 

Abrachaleus (β Gem) 

Aldebaran (α Tau) 

Alderįmķn (α Cep) 

Algome˙sa (α CMi) 

Algorab (γ Crv) 

Alhabor (α CMa) 

Alhaior (α Aur) 

Alkayr (α Aql)

Alkor / Equitator (near ζ UMa) 

Alphard (α Hya) 

Alpherath (α And) 

Alpheta (α CrB) 

Alrukaba (α UMi) 

Anhelar (α Gem) 

ARCTVRVS / Azimech aramer (α Boo) 

Bata ka˙tos (ζ Cet) 

Benenatz (η UMa) 

CANOPVS (α Car) 

Deneb adigege (α Cyg) 

Denebeleced (β Leo) 

Dubhe (α UMa) 

Fomahant (α PsA) 

Markab (α Peg) 

Mirach (β And) 

Pręuindemiatrix (ϵ Vir) 

Propus (η Gem) 

Rass aben (γ Dra) 

Rass alangue (α Oph) 

Rass algethi (α Her) 

Rigel (β Ori) 

Riss alioth (ϵ UMa) 

SPICA / Azimech (α Vir) 

Vuega (α Lyr)

 

Iconographic features

The style follows that of Dürer but with a number of variations: a cart pulled by horses in the body and tail of Ursa Maior; the Kids in Auriga; six tiny female heads illustrating the Pleiades in Taurus; the two Asses in Cancer illustrating the Asini; and Lyra as a bird with a stringed instrument horizontally over its body. Boötes has a lance, a sickle and hunting dogs, and a goat is eating the leaves of a vine above his head. One of the Gemini has a lyre or a similar instrument with bow, and there are images of Antinous and Coma Berenices, comprising the unformed stars belonging to Aquila and Leo, respectively.

 

 

 

GLOBUS VON VOPELIUS, KÖLNNISCHES STADT-MUSEUM: KSM 1984/448

http://www.bildindex.de/obj05741338.html#|home

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

    

 

 

G2. CELESTIAL GLOBE GORES

 

 

 

Copper engraved, Ų sphere 29 cm , c.1660. Private collection (Sotheby's) and an incomplete copy in Stuttgart , Landesbibliothek, Nicolai Collection.

Above Auriga [lon 75°, lat 60°] is an inscription in a cartouche with a coat of arms on top and two lions at the sides: 

SPHAERA/ASTRONOMICA / aeri exarata, sicut / eam olim exhibuit Cas/par Vopelius CosmogrSouth of the tail of Cetus [lon 345°, lat−60°] is an empty cartouche consisting of a rectangular field with decorations around it.

 

Cartography

The same as Vopel 1536 (G1).

 

Astronomical notes

Almost the same as Vopel 1536 (G1), but the name of the constellation  Aquila  is missing and two constellation names have variant spellings: CASSIOPEIA and NOTIVS PISCIS. The star name of α Aql is missing.

 

Iconographic features

Almost the same as Vopel 1536 (G1). The Pleiades in Taurus are illustrated by four instead of six tiny female heads.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliografia 

Elly Dekker,  Caspar Vopel's Ventures in Sixteenth-Century Celestial Cartography, Imago Mundi, Vol 62 N° 2, 2010 http://www.atlascoelestis.com/Vopel%202010%20base.htm

Ton Lindemann, Meteo Maarssen, VOPEL-SPHAERA ASTRONOMICA, http://www.meteo-maarssen.nl/lib_vopel_1536.html

GLOBUS VON VOPELIUS, KÖLNNISCHES STADT-MUSEUM: KSM 1984/448, http://www.bildindex.de/obj05741338.html#|home

Hans Gaab, Die Sterne über Nürnberg, Albrecht Dürer und seine Himmelskarten von 1515, Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2015, http://naa.net/ain/personen/Duerer_Anonym2_15xx.asp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

www.atlascoelestis.com

di  FELICE STOPPA

MARZO 2016